Bethlehem Area Public Library

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The Bethlehem Steel Corporation now embraces the following plants, and their full operation employs about 30,000 men:


Plant at South Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, manufacturing pig iron, iron castings, puddled bar, staybolt iron, steel castings, steel forgings (including forgings from hydraulically fluid compressed ingots), gun forgings, gun mounts, disappearing gun carriages, finished guns of all calibres complete with sights, shields, firing mechanisms, etc., projectiles, both plain steel and armor-piercing, field carriages, limbers, caissons, range finders, and other ordnance material, armor plate for battleships and land fortifications, armor plate vaults, special machinery (designed and built), gas and pumping engines, brass and bronze castings, tool steel, drop forgings, rails, billets, and structural material of both standard and “Special Bethlehem” sections.

The plant covers an area of about 1,550 acres, comprises seven large modern Blast Furnaces, three Open Hearth Furnace departments with thirty-three furnaces, two steel forging departments, three treatment departments, seven machine shops, a crucible steel department with furnaces, hammer shop and rolling mills, an electric furnace for melting and refining, puddle furnaces and rolling mills for alloy steel bars and shapes, a drop forge department, with treatment department and machine shop, foundries for iron, steel and brass castings, and separate complete departments for the forging, treating and machining of armor plate, and for forging, treating and machining projectiles. The recent addition (in 1906) of rolling mills, referred to above, contains, besides its Open Hearth and Bessemer Converter Departments, two blooming mills, a rail mill, rolling mill for “standard” structural shapes, and a rolling mill of special patented design for the rolling of the “Bethlehem” structural shapes. These last are of scientifically planned section, and are much lighter for a given strength than the section rolled by other mills.

Among the contracts of interest that have been executed by the Bethlehem Steel Company, are the following:

Cast iron segments forming railroad and other tunnels under the Hudson River at New York.

Large turbines for the Niagara Falls Power Co.

A Sewage Disposal Plant for the City of Baltimore, the three engines included in this plant being the largest in the world.

Forged Nickel Steel Bridge Pins for the bridge now being erected across the St. Lawrence River at Quebec — the largest of which are 40 inches in diameter, hollow bored and finish machined.

Air Flask forgings for submarine torpedoes.

A high-duty pumping station (90,000,000 gallons per 24 hours) for the City of Detroit, the largest high-duty pumps ever built.

For the City of Pittsburgh, two triple-expansion pumping engines which have developed the highest duty yet obtained, namely, 200,490,000 ft. lbs. per 1,000 1bs.of steam.

For the Minnesota Steel Company Duluth, Minn., five gas-driven blowing engines with gas cylinders 45 x 60 inches, and air cylinders 81 x 60 inches, being the largest diameter gas cylinder built in the United States. Also five gas-driven blowing engines for the Maryland Steel Company, Sparrows Point, Md.

Gas Engine installations for Bethlehem Steel Co.

Special steel for the yachts defending the famous "America's Cup”.

A complete Armor Plate Forging Plant for the Carnegie Steel Company, including 14,000-Ton Press, 200-Ton Cranes, 10,000-H.P. Pumping Engines, and all auxiliary machinery for same.

Several complete Car Wheel Plants for the manufacture of forged steel Car Wheels, including 10,000-Ton Press, making one car wheel per minute.

An Armor Plate Planer, 22 feet wide, 6 feet high, and 30 feet long, run by 125-H.P. reversing motor. The building of this Planer required 300 tons of the heaviest Bethlehem “H” Column Sections for bedplate.

The world’s largest Boring, Drilling and Milling Machine, covering a surface 14 x 30 feet.

Car 110 feet long, of 300-tons capacity, for transporting heavy machinery and ordnance material.

Steel castings of 400,000 lbs. each.

Armor Plate Vault for the National Park Bank, New York City, weighing 338 tons, with main door 108 inches outside diam., 30 inches thick, and weighing with its vestibule 80 tons; also emergency door 53 inches outside diameter, 30 inches thick, weighing with vestibule 26 tons. This is the largest and heaviest vault door ever made.

12,000 tons of structural steel for the Gimbel Brothers’ Department Store, which set the record for time of erection of large buildings in New York City. Also 7,000 tons of structural steel for the Baer-Kaufmann Department Store, Pittsburgh, Penna.

The annual capacity of this Company, which is the largest individual steel plant in the United States, is about:

Blast Furnaces — 1,000,000 tons of pig iron.
Open Hearth Furnaces — 1,400,000 tons of ingots.
Forges — 50,000 tons of treated forgings.
Puddle Furnaces — 15,000 tons of puddled iron.
Machine Shops — Machined forgings and castings, guns and mount special machinery, gas engines, pumps, etc.
Drop Forge — 1,500 tons.
Armor Plate (Krupp and Harvey Processes).
Projectile Shops.
Rail Mill — 480,000 tons of 0pen Hearth Rails.
Structural Mill — 480,000 tons of "I" beams, girder beams, columns, channels, angles, etc.
Smaller Rolling Mills — 300,000 tons of iron and steel bars, staybolt iron, alloy steel bars, etc.
Fabricating Shop — 50,000 tons of fabricated structural material for buildings, bridges, etc.

The Bethlehem Steel Company owns all the Capital Stock of: The Philadelphia, Bethlehem & New England Railroad Company, Bethlehem Steel Products Company, Juragua Iron Company, Titusville Forge Company, Bethlehem-Chile Iron Mines Company, and Fore River Shipbuilding Corporation.




This is a railroad operating between the several departments of the Bethlehem Steel Company, the Lehigh Coke Company’s plant, and several independent industries along its line.


A selling Company, organized and operated, to facilitate the selling of Bethlehem products in foreign States and Countries.


The plant of this Company is located at Titusville, in Western Pennsylvania, and manufactures iron and steel forgings.


This Company controls about 10,000 acres of iron ore lands on the South Coast of Cuba, which for twenty-five years have furnished the base supply of high-grade ore to the Bethlehem Company. The shipping port is Santiago.


This Company controls large iron ore deposits in the Province of Coquimbo, Chile. The ore is of the highest quality ever used for the manufacture of pig iron, running about sixty-eight per cent. of iron, and free from deleterious impurities. A fleet of specially-designed ships, for carrying the ore from Chile to the United States, is being built by European concerns, under long-term transportation contracts.


This is one of the largest shipbuilding plants on the Atlantic Coast, located at Quincy, Mass., and gives the Bethlehem Steel Company facilities for building on the Atlantic seaboard, complete battleships, fully armored. This Company has recently completed one of the largest and most modern battleships in the world, for the Argentine Government.


This shipbuilding Company, at San Francisco, California, builds and repairs battleships and merchant vessels, and manufactures a line of mining machinery. Of the numerous vessels it has built for the U.S. Navy, this Company points with particular pride to the “Oregon”, whose splendid performance during the Spanish War is a matter of history. This Company controls, by ownership of all its capital stock, the Union Iron Works Dry Dock Company, with floating docks and the largest graving docks on the Pacific Coast.


This Company, located at Wilmington Delaware, builds principally merchant vessels, ferry boats, etc., though it has built torpedo boats and destroyers for the United States Navy. It has also a large car shop, and its passenger cars are well and favorably known in South America, China, and other foreign countries.


Located at Elizabethport, New Jersey, this plant is engaged in a general foundry and machine shop business.


This Company controls valuable iron ore deposits of great magnitude on the North Coast of Cuba, and in the Province of Camaguey in that Island. It also controls deposits in the Adirondack region of New York State.

The officers of the Bethlehem Steel Company are as follows:

C.M. SCHWAB, Chairman of the Board.
E.G. GRACE, President.
A. JOHNSTON, Vice-president
H.S. SNYDER, Vice-president
C.A. BUCK, Vice-president
A.D. MIXSELL, Vice-president
B.H. JONES, Secretary and Treasurer.
F.A. SHICK, Auditor.
J.E. MATHEWS, Manager of Ordnance.
W.M. TOBIAS, Purchasing Agent.
G.H. BLAKELEY, Manager, Structural Steel Sales.
E.S. KNISELY, General Sales Agent.
W.F. ROBERTS, General Superintendent, Lehigh Plant.
R.F. RANDOLPH, General Superintendent, Saucon Plant.
T.O. COLE, Traffic Manager


Bethlehem Foundry & Machine Co.

Among the industries of South Bethlehem that have grown from small concerns into world-wide enterprises is one that stands among the first in this town. Started when South Bethlehem was a village, and continuing in growth, under careful management to the present day when it occupies a large space of ground in the town that has now reached nearly the 25,000 mark in population.

The Bethlehem Foundry & Machine Company was started as the Bethlehem Foundry in 1856 by Abbott & Cortright and was used as a foundry and car shop. Upon the death of Mr. Cortright, the business was taken over by Mr. Abbott. Upon Mr. Abbott’s retirement, his sons R.A. and M.B. Abbott conducted the business for a number of years, and when R.A. Abbott retired, the other brother continued the business. Later, it was purchased by the Lloyd Valve Co. and was operated as a foundry and as a valve specialty shop.

In April, 1888, the present Bethlehem Foundry & Machine Company was incorporated, and its steady growth followed from then on.


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